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Han Jing Di (156 140 B.C.) (Click Here for Artwork)After the death of Lu Hou (180 B.C.), Liu Heng was crowned as Han Wen Di. The following year, Liu Heng's son Prince Qi was appointed as his successor. Prince Qi loved to play Liubo (which later evolved into Xiangqi). One of Qi's favorite opponents was his cousin, Prince Xian, son of Duke Wu. Whenever Duke Wu visited the Emperor, the two princes would be engaged in this exciting game.
Prince Xian was cruel and of great pride. Although Prince Qi's was the appointed heir to succeed the King, Xian had no respect for him when they played the game. One day, the two got into a heated fight over the game. Prince Qi was so provoked that he threw a game board at Xian, which hit his head, and killed him. When Prince Wu's body was transported to the kingdom of Wu, Duke Wu was furious, saying, 'My son has royal blood too. If he died in Changan (capital of the time), he should be buried there.' He thus returned his son's body back to Chang An. Knowing that his son Qi had killed Xian, Emperor Wen Di was forced to back off. However, Duke Wu was not satisfied and looked for opportunities for revenge.
In 157 B.C., Wen Di died and Qi took over the kingship and was known as Han Jing Di. Duke Wu refused to acknowledge Jing Di as the king, and eventually sparked the Rebellion of the Seven Kingdoms. This incident was recorded in both Sima Qian's Shi Ji and Ban Gou's Han Shu.
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