Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 A.D.)
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    Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911 A.D.)

    Kings / Kingdoms
    Events In China
    Comments / Worldwide Events
    Qing Dynasty (1644 1911 A.D.) Qing Shi Zu

    (Sun Zhi)

    (1,644 1,662 A.D.)

    Shi Zu occupied Beijing; Li Zi Cheng defeated (1,644 A.D.).

    Missionary Johann Adam Schall von Bell persecuted in the Calendar Case (1616 A.D.). Zheng Cheng Gong took over Taiwan (1,661 A.D.).

    Foundation of Cape Colony by Dutch (1,650 A.D.)

    Newtons law of Gravity (1,684 A.D.)

    Glorious Revolution Constitutional monarchy in England (1,688 A.D.) 

    Wars between America and England (1,755 A.D.)

    England defeated France and took over Canada (1,759 A.D.)

    Russia- Peasant uprising (1,773 A.D.)

    Independent War in America (1,775 A.D.)

    France- Revolution began; abolition of feudal system (1,789 A.D.)

    France declared a Republic (1,792 A.D.)

    Napoleon occupied North Italy (1,796 A.D.)

    Napoleon became King of France (1,804 A.D.)

    American invented steam boat (1,807 A.D.)

    Napoleon attacked Moscow (1,812 A.D.)

    Napoleon exiled to Elba; Britain invented train (1,814 A.D.) 

    Napoleon made a comeback, and was defeated in Waterloo and exiled to St. Helena (1,815 A.D.)

    Born of Carl Marx (1,818 A.D.)

    Fall of French Republic (1,852 A.D.)

    Beginning of Crimean War. Russia against Britain, France and Turkey (1,854 A.D.)

    Civil War in the United States (1,861 1,865 A.D.)

    Reform in Japan (1,868 A.D.)

    Proclamation of German Empire (1,871 A.D.)

    Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India (1,877 A.D.)

    Japan invaded Ryukyu; birth of Einstein (1,879 A.D.)

    England occupied Egypt (1,883 A.D.) conquered south Africa (1,902 A.D.)

    Opening of the Panama Canal (1,904 A.D.)

    Qing Sheng Zu

    (Kang Xi)

    (1,662 1,723 A.D.)

    Begin of the Revolt of the Three Feudatories (1,673 A.D.). 

    England began trading with China (1,680 A.D.). Revolt of the Three Feudatories suppressed (1,681 A.D.). 

    Taiwan captured (1,683 A.D.). 

    Delineated boundary between Russia and China (1,689 A.D.). 

    Included Mongolia as part of Qings territory (1,697 A.D.)

    Suppressed Tibets rebellion (1,720 A.D.)

    Qing Shi Zong

    (Yong Zheng)

    (1,723 1,736 A.D.)

    Sunu tried to crown Emperor Kang Xi's eighth son, Yun Yi to be king but failed. Yong Zheng succeded Kang Xi as the third king of the Qing Dynasty. Captured Qing Hai (1,723 A.D.). Same year, Emperor Yong Zheng banned Christianity in China.

    Encyclopedia published (1,728 A.D.)

    Qing Gao Zong

    (Qian Long)

    (1,736 1,796 A.D.)

    Bishop Peter Sanz executed for violation of the ban on Christianity (1748 A.D.). Conquered Turkestan (1,755 A.D.). To stop the spread of Christianity, Qian Long initiated the Closed Door Policy.

    Tea trade with Europe (1,760 1,770 A.D)

    Appointed King of Thailand (1,786 A.D.)

    Conquered Vietnam (1,787 A.D.)

    Lord MaCartneys embassy to China (1,793 A.D.)

    Qing Ren Zong

    (Jia Qing)

    (1,796 1,821 A.D.)

    Appointed King of Vietnam (1,803 A.D.)

    Christian Literature banned (1,805 A.D.)

    Embassy of Lord Amherst of England (1,816 A.D.) 

    Qing Xuan Zong

    (Dao Guan)

    (1,821 1,851 A.D.)

    Lin Zexu made commissioner, burnt opium (1,839 A.D.).

    Opium War- Britain captured Zhou Shan and attacked Ning Po (1,840 A.D.)

    Opium War ended with the signing of Nanjing Treaty; 1) opened up five trading ports and 2) cession of Hong Kong to England (1,842 A.D.)

    Qing Wen Zong

    (Xian Feng)

    (1,851 1,862 A.D.)

    Hong Xiu Quan led the Taiping Rebellion (1,851 A.D.), occupied Jin Ling (1,853 A.D.). Missionary James Hudson Taylor came to China (1853 A.D.)

    Joint forces of England and France attacked China over the banning of opium (1,857 A.D)

    Anglo-French army occupied Beijing, Xian Feng escaped to Re He; Summer Palace looted by British and French troops. China signed Beijing treaty with England, France and Russia to end the war by paying indemnity and giving up more land (1,860 A.D.)

    Qing Mu Zong

    (Tong Zhi)

    (1,862 1,875 A.D.)

    When Xiang Feng died, Tong Zhi was only 6 years old. Empress Dowager or better known as Cixi (Tong Zhis mother) ruled China behind curtain until Tong Zhi was 17. After Tong Zhi married, he assumed kingship. Taiping troops defeated in Shanghai (1,862 A.D.)

    Zeng GuoFan recovered Jin Ling, and Hong Xiu Quan committed suicide (1,864 A.D.) 

    Birth of the Father of China, Sun Wen (1,866 A.D.)

    Japan occupied Taiwan (1,874 A.D.)

    Tong Zhi's relationship with his mother Empress Dowager fighting over power. Suppressed by his mother, Tong Zhi became a womanizer and eventually contracted a sexually transmitted disease and died at a young age of 19. With Empress Dowagers influence, the officials voted to crown Prince Chuns son as king. Although Tong Zhis wife was pregnant at the time, Cixi wanted Prince Chuns son as king for the following reasons, 1) allowing Tong Zhis son to become king will make Tong Zhis wife queen over herself, 2) Prince Chuns wife is Cixis sister.

    Qing De Zong

    (Guan Xu) 

    (1,875 1,909 A.D.)

    Empress Dowager ruled China behind curtain once again with the help of Prince Gong (1875-1908).

    Zuo Zhong Tang conquered Xin Jiang.

    Sent troops to Vietnam to resist France (1,883 A.D.)

    Declared war against France; French troop surrounded Taiwan (1,884 A.D.)

    Vietnam fell; China signed peace treaty with France (1,885 A.D.)

    Established Bei Tang Navy (1,891 A.D.)

    Civil war in Korea. China sent troops to help Korea and sparked the Sino-Japanese war (1,894 A.D.)

    Sino-Japanese war ended, signed Ma Guan treaty, giving Taiwan to Japan (1,895 A.D.)

    Hundred day reform by Guan Xu. CiXi suppressed reform and ruled again, killing all related officials, and house-arrested Guan Xu. (1,898 A.D.)

    France took gulf of Guang Zhou; England took Kowloon; America forced China to open it's door (1,899 A.D.) 

    Boxer Rebellion sparked the mass invasion of China by eight countries, including England, America, Germany, France, and Russia (1,900 A.D.).

    Signed peace treaty with the eight countries (1,901 A.D.).

    Abolished traditional Civil Service System (1,905 A.D.)

    There was a mystery surrounding the death of Guan Xu which still casts doubts in the mind of historians. Cixi died in 1909. A few hours before her death, Guan Xu died mysteriously of an unknown cause. Could Cixi have poisoned Guan Xu just hours before her own death? We probably would never find out.

    Cixi was also notorious for taking the money that would have gone to strengthen the military and built a park for her own enjoyment, know as the Yi He Yuan. This further weakened China.

    Qing Xuan Tong Di

    (1,909 1,911 A.D.)

    Japan conquered Korea (1,910 A.D.)

    Rebellion started in Wu Chang (1,911 A.D.)

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